A Level History: “Best friends, no, enemies, no, best friends”- Spain, Tudor England and Religion

spain and england

Like squabbling siblings, relations between Spain and England in the years 1553-88 were rocky- to say the least. Recording the changes in their relations and observing it as a stock market graph would make a what looks like a stock not to be invested in.

Why so? To say it simply, relations between the two states fluctuated greatly, climaxing in the Spanish Armada invasion in 1588. Today, we hope to look for the possible causes for the changing relations between the two states, judging how far one- if any- played the greatest part in influencing the relationship between Spain and England in the reigns of Mary I and Elizabeth I.

DID RELIGION PLAY THE GREATEST ROLE IN THE CHANGING PATTERN OF ANGLO-SPANISH RELATIONS IN THE YEARS 1553-88?

YES

NO

Whether religion played the greatest role in determining relations between the two states or not, it certainly was responsible considerably for changes in relations. Notice how the deteriorating relations between the two nations coincided with the death of the Catholic Mary I and the ascension of her Protestant half-sister Elizabeth. Nevertheless, it is up to your own personal judgement to decide the extent to which any one reason determined relations- you don’t even need to settle for economic factors, religion or France- you can even argue that it was the actions of the monarchs (Phillip II, Mary I and Elizabeth I) themselves and their differing ways of governing and dealing with the different situations that they faced that was the most responsible for changing relations, or that “determined” is too strong a word, exacerbated being a better description.

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